Components of Food Lesson 2 CBSE Class 6
- They are the protective food.
- They are the organic compound which keep our body in good condition and enhances the immunity.
- Sources are fruits and vegetables.
- Deficiency of vitamins result in deficiency diseases.
- Types of Vitamins :
- Fat soluble Eg: Vitamin A, D, E & K
- water soluble Eg: Vitamin B Complex and C
TABLE OF VITAMINS
|s.no||Vitamin||Scientific name||Deficiency disease||source|
|1||Vitamin A||Retinol||Night blindness||Spinach carrots mangoes|
|2||Vitamin B1||Thiamine||Beri beri||Eggs meat rice bran|
|3||Vitamin B2||Riboflavin||Ariboflavinosis||Green leafy vegetables|
|4||Vitamin B12||Cyanocobalamine||Anaemia||Spinach milk meat|
|5||Vitamin C||Ascorbic acid||Scurvy||Lime lemon orange|
|6||Vitamin D||Calciferol||Rickets||Fish liver oil|
|7||Vitamin K||phylloquinone||Delayed blood clotting||Green leafy vegetables|
- They are the inorganic compounds which are needed by our body in trace amounts for the normal functioning of our body.
- Examples of minerals are Calcium, Phosphorous, Iron, Sodium, and Potassium Etc.
- SOURCES: milk, cheese, fruits, vegetable etc.
|1||Calcium||weak brittle bones||Egg, milk|
|2||Iron||anaemia||Pulses , meat , vegetables|
|3||Iodine||Goiter||fish , iodized salt|
|4||Magnesium||Muscle weakness||Cereals , fish|
- ROUGHAGE: (Dietary fibres)
- Cellulose forms the fibre content in food called roughage.
- It has no nutritive value and helps in digestion.
- It prevents constipation.
- Sources are salads, leafy vegetables, whole, grains etc.
- It has no nutritive value.
- Major component of blood and helps in transportation
- Maintains and regulates body temperature
- Helps in digestion and excretion.
BALANCED DIET: A diet that contains all the nutrients required by the body in the right proportions.
- Nutrients in a balanced diet required by the body in the right proportions.
- Nutrients in a balanced diet differ according to the age health and occupation.
- Children: more proteins are required.
- Physical labour: more carbohydrates and fats.
- Sedentary professional people: less carbohydrates and fats but more roughage should be included.