Components of Food Lesson 2 CBSE Class 6

Components of Food Lesson 2 CBSE Class 6

Components of Food Cbse class 6
Components of Food Cbse class 6

  1. VITAMINS:
    1. They are the protective food.
    1. They are the organic compound which keep our body in good condition and enhances the immunity.
    1. Sources are fruits and vegetables.
    1. Deficiency of vitamins result in deficiency diseases.
  • Types     of    Vitamins :
  • Fat soluble       Eg: Vitamin A, D, E & K
  • water soluble Eg: Vitamin B Complex and C

TABLE OF VITAMINS

s.noVitaminScientific nameDeficiency diseasesource
1Vitamin ARetinolNight blindnessSpinach carrots mangoes
2Vitamin B1ThiamineBeri beriEggs meat rice bran
3Vitamin B2RiboflavinAriboflavinosisGreen leafy vegetables
4Vitamin B12CyanocobalamineAnaemiaSpinach milk meat
5Vitamin CAscorbic acidScurvyLime lemon orange
6Vitamin DCalciferolRicketsFish liver oil
7Vitamin KphylloquinoneDelayed blood clottingGreen leafy vegetables
  1. MINERALS:
    1. They are the inorganic compounds which are needed by our body in trace amounts for the normal functioning of our body.
    1. Examples of minerals are Calcium, Phosphorous, Iron, Sodium, and Potassium Etc.
    1. SOURCES: milk, cheese, fruits, vegetable etc.
s.noMINERALDEFICIENCY SYMPTOMSSOURCES
1Calciumweak brittle bonesEgg, milk
2IronanaemiaPulses , meat , vegetables
3IodineGoiterfish , iodized salt
4MagnesiumMuscle weaknessCereals , fish
  1. ROUGHAGE: (Dietary fibres)
    1. Cellulose forms the fibre content in food called roughage.
    1. It has no nutritive value and helps in digestion.
    1. It prevents constipation.
    1. Sources are salads, leafy vegetables, whole, grains etc.
  2. WATER:
    1. It has no nutritive value.
    1. Major component of blood and helps in transportation
    1. Maintains and regulates body temperature
    1. Helps in digestion and excretion.

BALANCED DIET: A diet that contains all the nutrients required by the body in the right proportions.

  • Nutrients in a balanced diet required by the body in the right proportions.
    • Nutrients in a balanced diet differ according to the age health and occupation.
  • Children: more proteins are required.
  • Physical labour: more carbohydrates and fats.
  • Sedentary professional people: less carbohydrates and fats but more roughage should be included.