General Knowledge – First Things First
1. Which is the biggest sand sculpture?
Ans: Gerry K Kirk and his team are world renowned sand sculptors who have carved their creations at special events and sand sculpting competitions throughout the US, Europe and Asia. The team has established four world records for the largest sand sculpture and the tallest sand sculpture, which are documented by the Guinness Book of World Records.
2. Which is the world’s first air show?
Ans: The world’s first air show was the International Air Meet held at Rheims, Franceheld in 1909. India’s first air show, AVIA-93 was held in December, 1993 in Bangalore. The world’s biggest air show was the 47th Paris Air Show. However, the world’s largest military air show is the Royal International Air Tattoo (RAF Fairford, United Kingdom), held annually in July.
3. Which is the world’s first zoo?
Ans: Shulgi, the ruler of Ur (now South-East Iraq) made the first known collection of animals in 2400 B.C. But it was not a public zoo. The first real zoo was established by Queen Hatshepsut in 1500 B.C. in Egypt by collecting animals from all over Africa. Later, Emperor Wen Wang of China built a zoo to show his wealth and power. Spread over 1,500 acres, it had animals from all over his empire and was named the Garden of Intelligence. Today, the oldest zoo in existence was built in Vienna by Emperor Franz Josef for his wife in 1752.
4. Which country first introduced paper currency?
Ans: Paper currency was introduced by the Chinese around 600 A.D. Back then, the Chinese would string copper coins together and carry them around. As the economy grew, people found it difficult to carry too many coins and paper money was introduced as an alternative.
5. Which is the world’s first post office?
Ans: Although the origins of the postal system date back to antiquity, the British Postal Museum claims the oldest functioning post office in the world is on High Street in Sanquhar, Scotland. According to the museum, this post office has functioned continuously since 1712 AD. Sanquhar is a quiet, insignificant town, but in its heyday, its residents included many influential aristocrats, who must have played a significant role in having the first post office located there. Those days, horses and stage coaches would carry mail.
6. Which is the smallest living amphibian?
Ans: At just over 9.6-9.8 mm in length, the Monte Iberia Eleuth (Eleutherodactylus Iberia) is the smallest living amphibian in the northern hemisphere. It is the second-smallest frog (and tetra pod) in the world, following the Brazilian Gold Frog. It was first discovered in 1996 on Mount Iberia, from which the animal gets its name, and exists in only two small regions of Cuba. Much remains unknown about this small creature.
7. Which is the world’s first SEZ?
Ans: A Special Economic Zone (SEZ) is a region that has economic laws that are more liberal than a country’s typical economic laws. The goal of an SEZ is to increase foreign investment. One of the earliest and the most famous SEZs was founded by the government of the People’s Republic of China under Deng Xiaoping in the early 1980s. The most successful SEZ in China is in Shenzhen. Following this example, SEZs have been established in several countries, including Brazil, India, Iran, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Pakistan, the Philippines, Poland, Russia, and Ukraine.